District Area: 368.63 km2
Leader: László Dobos (Fidesz-KDNP)
Name and Etymology:
Karcag is thought to derive from the Turkic Cuman/Kipchak word Qarcaq, which is a type of fox. Its former name was Karcagújszállás which means something like "Qarcaq lodging." The German name, Engelhausen, means "angels dwelling."
Karcag's economy was primarily agrarian in nature, with a sideline in the clothing industry, until the Socialist period. Now the city produces food, ceramics, glass, and natural gas refining.
Magyars settled in the area in the tenth century and were followed three hundred years later by the Turkic Cuman/Kipchak. These groups united into a single political formation under pressure from invading Mongols, with the Kipchaks later retaining some autonomy under Hungarian and Austro-Hungarian rule. The city was under Ottoman rule from 1552 until the late seventeenth century and it revolted against Austria multiple times. Karcag is the capital of Nagykun, Great Cumania, and as such, draws much internal tourism to observe cultural differences.