මාතර (Mātara)/மாத்தறை (Māttaṟai)
දකුණු රට (Dakunu Palata)/தென் மாகாணம் (Thaen Maakaanam)
ශ්‍රී ලංකා (Śrī Laṃkā)/இலங்கை (Ilaṅkai)/Sri Lanka
Shield of Sri Lanka

Population: 809,344
District Area: 1,282.5 km2
Leader: E.A.C. Vidanagamachchi

Name and Etymology:
Matara is said to derive from Tamil Mahathota meaning "great ford" or Matturai meaning "great port."

Economy:
Matara is one of Sri Lanka's major cities, a commercial hub on the south coast with highway and rail linkages.

History:
Matara was ruled by the Kingdom of Ruhuna and was made capital by King Weerabamapanam. It was captured by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in 1756. In 1796 Matara fort was given to the British. The majority of the city's population is Sinhalese. The city was badly damaged in the 2004 Asian tsunami.

Link to Matara's website.

Matara Sri Lanka from the air
Subscribe
Index Atlas Weekly Mailing List